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Hilton Primary School

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Week Beginning 13th July 2020

This is the second of our Transition Weeks - Make sure you have completed the two transition tasks from last week so that you can bring them to your Transition Picnic for for your new teacher on Wednesday 15th July.

Transition Task Maths: This week is your chance to choose your learning. Normally we would spend this time in school tidying up the areas of maths you have found the most tricky to get ready for moving to Y6. It's really hard to do that online as we can't speak to each of you individually. The Power Maths people have produced a special booklet to do that for us and this week we would like you to use that.  This booklet is only available online, but you do not need to print it out. It's fine to just look at it on a screen and work on paper.

Transition Task English: This week we will be looking at some interesting art and poetry that has been inspired by our time in lockdown, looking at how things may be a little different as we get used to the new 'normal'.  If you haven't completed last week's writing task, please make that your priority as it needs to be ready to hand to your new teacher at the transition picnic this week.

Please read for at least 15 minutes each day and talk to somebody about your book. 

This week you may need an assistant for spelling because you will be looking back at the words we have learned recently using some dictation passages.

If you would like to do some extra English, there is an optional comprehension activity for you.

Topic: Our history topic will finish this week  and we will be finding out how Elizabeth I finally dealt with Mary Queen of Scots. We will also complete our mini topic on sustainability and in our final two Spanish lessons you will be learning how to describe your appearance and how to write about yourself and your family.  We have another music lesson for you to try where you will be learning to sing like Mary Queen of Scots, and Dojo Challenge 14 is now available if you are looking for something fun, artistic and creative to try. It's all about rainbows... We also have some more Forest Schools activities for you to try.

Science: This week we will continue our topic on light and we will be learning about white light. We will be learning about the spectrum of light and trying some Rayleigh Scattering with a plastic bottle.

Philosophy: Don't forget our Brainsqueezer question.  This is from Philosophy for Children and it is designed to help you start an interesting conversation at home.  Think about the question, talk to your family about it and see if you can come up with a good persuasive argument to support your idea.  Why not share it on your Dojo portfolio and we could have a virtual discussion!

PE: This week why not carry on with Miss Latham's Fitness classes? There is a new Derbyshire Games collection of daily challenges and we also have a link to a super set of video lessons to help you to improve your cricket skills, which might keep you busy over the summer holidays.  We also have one final suggestion to help you earn your Blue Peter Sports Badge.

History

In our final history lesson we will be learning about the events leading up to the execution of Mary Queen of Scots. We will find out about how Elizabeth finally succeeded in having Mary executed whilst managing to avoid being responsible for giving the final orders. We will round off this work by looking at the union of the English and Scottish crown in 1603.  Work through the video lesson below, the PowerPoint is there in case you should want to look at it. There are some links to useful websites you might like to use when completing your final task and there is also a final Horrible Histories clip for you to enjoy.

Mary Queen of Scots

Still image for this video

Music


In this lesson we will be learning about pulse in 3 and 4 time in music. We will be learning part of a traditional song with some Latin words, which comes from a sung Catholic mass. Mary Queen of Scots would have definitely known these words and sung something similar herself. Although we can’t be sure she would have known this tune, it does date from the 16th century, so it is possible that she would have known this exact arrangement! I have managed to find the sheet music and uploaded it for you below, so you can see how it is written down. If you look at the beginning of each line of the music you will see something that looks like a bit like a fraction. This is the time signature and it tells you this piece of music has three beats in each bar.

Sustainability

In this lesson we will be learning about a Brazilian city named Curitiba. We will be learning about how it has become a ‘green’ city that includes innovative design and holds sustainability at its heart. We will also investigate Freiburg to see how it has become more sustainable. You will need some paper and a pencil for these lessons. If you have time, there is a third lesson about how the ways we produce energy in the future needs to change. We know it’s a busy week, but it is very interesting!

Blue Peter Sports Badge

Would you like to earn your 2020 Sport badge! To get your hands on this limited edition badge, all you have to do is try a new way of getting active, then send in your application form to Blue Peter via post or email. This could be trying a new sport in your back garden or learning a new skill like skipping or football tricks. Perhaps you have been doing exercise classes at home or tried a new style of dance? The only rules are:

  • You must be trying something new
  • You must be doing a physical activity

We will help you as much as we can by finding new sports activities you can try and posting them in our weekly work folders.

Once you've tried a new activity, click on the 'get this activity' button on the web link below to download the form. Once you've filled it in (and got a parent/guardian to help with page 1), you will need to attach a photo or drawing of yourself doing the activity. Once you've done that, you are ready to send it to Blue Peter!  Full details of how to apply can be found on the web page below.

This week we have a suggestion for you that will help to improve your fitness - circuit training!  There are some ideas below that do not require any specialist equipment, so why not watch the video and click on the activity sheet to give it a try?

Healthy Hearts

Derbyshire Games Challenge

Click below for a fantastic set of racket sports challenges this week, there is a different one to complete every day. On Friday there is a competition to enter , the closing date is 9am on Friday 17th July and the instructions for entering are on the Friday Fun page - good luck if you decide to enter.  Don't worry about needing any specialist equipment, you can do all of this week's activities with a ball of socks and a frying pan (if you don’t have a racket).

Miss Latham's Fitness Classes

Miss Latham has two sets of fitness classes for you to try out here - get your parents to join in when they can! There are lots of different videos to choose from, this week I am concentrating on the Pirates of the Caribbean class.  Click on the link below to join in. If you want to try Miss Latham's new Cardio Combat class, you must watch her introduction video first. Enjoy!

Dojo Challenge 14

This week's Dojo Challenge, challenge 14, is all about being creative with photography (and it links rather nicely with our science about the spectrum of white light).  We would like to challenge you to photograph a rainbow from objects you can find around your house, or on your walk. You will need to think carefully about the items you photograph, maybe a close up is what you need rather than a photo of the whole thing. In the folder we have some tips to help you make your photographic rainbow look amazing - if you can borrow a smart phone to collect the pictures, there are some great free apps and inbuilt photo editing tricks than can really enhance the final effect.

Don't forget to share the finished rainbows with us through your Dojo portfolio!

Forest Schools

In our final forest schools lessons we would like you to try making a journey stick. This can be a fun way of remembering a trip out and they are really good fun to make. 

We also have a some recipes for some different treats which you could make for your feathered friends, the birds.  You may think that we don't need to feed the birds in the summer but the RSPB advise that food shortages can occur at any time of the year.  If the weather is very dry, this can cause a real problem for the birds that usually eat worms as they don't come up to the surface for them to find. The best feeders to make are the seed feeders at this time of year because warm weather can make homemade fat based treats a bit yucky, but we have put some recipes for fat based feeders in a special section so you can download and keep the recipes for the autumn and winter when the birds will really need them.  The birds will also be really grateful for a bit of fruit at this time of year, they love strawberries and apples.  It is a good idea to create a birdbath at this time of year as the birds need to be able to find a reliable source of fresh water.  This can be a simple large plastic lid or plant saucer filled with water, but make sure the water is fresh and clean every day.

Don't forget to send us a photo of anything you create as we love to see them.

Spanish

Last week's picture was a photo of the Spanish city of Cordoba, can you work out which Spanish city we have a picture of this week? It might help if I told you it is the birthplace of Christopher Columbus and it is famous for its oranges. I will reveal the answer at the bottom of this page, try not to cheat!

This week in our Spanish lessons we will recap our previous learning and then learn how to describe your physical appearance and how to write about yourself and your family in Spanish.

Brainsqueezer

Transition Task Power Maths

If you use the link to the Power Maths Resources below, you will notice that a Summer Home Edition Practice Book is available.  We have not used it with you yet, but we would like you to dip into this for this last part of the term. 

Normally we would use this time to meet your new teachers and mop up all those little bits of maths you have found the most tricky over the year. As you will understand, that's very hard to do using the website, so we are pleased that the Power Maths team have developed this booklet.

When you open the book on the screen you will see this message.

There is a LOT of things in that booklet and we do not expect you to do it all!  Some schools will have used this instead of the normal practice book and you will recognise lots of the lessons that you have already covered are repeated.  Here is a preview of the contents page:

Look how many of those things you have already worked on over the last few weeks!

We suggest that you choose one or two topics from the booklet to work on this week. You should choose something that you would like to revisit, just to refresh your memory and fill you with confidence for next year.

You may want to look at the first units, multiplication and division and area and perimeter as we haven't looked at those topics in particular since January or before.

If you are really confident with those topics and would prefer a bit more fractions practice, that's okay too!

It really is your choice as this is to help you learn exactly what you need to learn. All we ask is that you send us a Dojo message to let us know what you are working on so we can help you as much as we can.

Well done Year 5 - you've worked very hard and it's been a strange year.  We really appreciate your efforts and we are amazed by your resilience and the quality of all the work you have sent us. 

Have a virtual thumbs up!

Yes, koalas do have two opposable thumbs on each hand!

The Ickabog by J.K. Rowling

J.K. Rowling's new book for children called The Ickabog is available on her website below.  The book is available for you to read on The Ickabog website and you can get there by following the link below.  There's also a competition for you to enter to send in illustrations for the chapters and the best ones will be used in the book when it is published.  The information about the competition is also on The Ickabog website.  Happy reading!

English

Transition Task Please make sure you have completed last week's writing task so that it is ready to give to your new teacher at this week's Transition Picnic!

To start this final week, you will be revisiting adverbs of possibility, working with a poem called Certainty. You will be thinking about how your life might be different in six months time and, using some of the patterns from the poem you have been reading, you will create your own poem using your ideas.

Certainty

We asked Maria and Matt to record a message to their future selves.

Next you will be reading an article from First News about an inspirational young man and finding out about some other people who have been helping their community during lock-down. You will revisit relative clauses before looking at some artwork that has been created in response to recent events and analysing the effectiveness of slogans. 
Finally you will be looking at two poems; one called The Great Realisation and one called Lockdown, which has been written by the Poet Laureate, Simon Armitage.  You will finish off by thinking about how you would like the future for the world to be, before planning and writing a persuasive letter to your MP about the future that you would like for the world.

The Great Realisation

Spellings

This week we would like you to try some dictation exercises to practice the spellings you have been working on in Y5.  You will need a volunteer to read you the paragraph so that you can fill in the missing words that would fit in the gaps, trying to spell everything correctly. There are three paragraphs to try.  There is also a Powerpoint to work through which asks you to spot and correct some spelling mistakes.  

You don't need to print these activities, you can just write the correct spellings for the activities as a list in your books or on paper before checking them. 

Science

Welcome to our final lesson on light, today we will be thinking about the colour of sunlight. 

Before we start, just check your knowledge from previous lessons by answering these questions:

  1. What happens to shadows during the day and why?
  2. Why can we see things?

The light from the sun is white light, but sometimes you are lucky enough to see the light from our sun split into different colours in a rainbow.

What is a rainbow?

Still image for this video

Now answer these questions in your book:

  1. What two things are needed to create a rainbow?
  2. What colour do we see sunlight?
  3. Can you remember what bending of light is called?
  4. What process occurs as a ray of light travels into a water droplet?

You might think that a rainbow will always appear in the sky when the Sun shines on an otherwise rainy day. To see a rainbow, it is best if the Sun is low in the sky. A rainbow does not have a fixed position, it forms relative to the person seeing it.

There was some important vocabulary in that rainbows video. Make a note of these key terms in your green books:

  • White light = Light that appears white to the eye, but is made up of different colours called a spectrum.
  • Refraction = The bending of light as it travels from one medium to another.
  • Reflection = Light that is thrown back from a material without being absorbed or transmitted.

 

You could try making a spinning colour wheel where you can see how combining the colours of the spectrum (or rainbow) makes white light. Note: It is difficult to get a colour that is truly white from a spinning colour wheel. This is because the colours need to be present in the correct shades and proportions, which is hard to achieve with coloured pencils.

  1. Draw a circle, approximately 12cm in diameter, on card and divide this into seven segments. Alternatively, you can use the Spinning colour wheel template and stick this onto the card.
  2. Colour each segment with a different colour of the rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet.
  3. Cut out the circle of card and poke a small hole through the centre.
  4. Thread a piece of string through the colour wheel. The string needs to fit snugly in the hole and the colour wheel should be in the middle of the piece of string.
  5. Hold one end of the string in each hand. Keep one hand still while moving the other in a circular motion to wind up and twist the string.
  6. Pull your hands apart and watch the colour wheel spin to combine the colours.
Now watch this video.

What happens next?

Still image for this video

This video shows that white light can also be refracted through prisms to create a spectrum of colours.

Have you ever wondered why the sky is blue?

We are now going to watch a film that will answer this question.

Why is the sky blue?

Still image for this video

Blue light has the same wavelength as the gases in Earth’s atmosphere, and these gases scatter the blue light which makes the sky look blue.

What did you notice about the colours that came from the prism?

They are the same (and in the same order) as those of a rainbow.

Practical: Rayleigh Scattering

Resources:

  • 1 clear plastic bottle

  • Water

  • Milk (a few drops)

  • Torch

Activity:

You can demonstrate Rayleigh scattering using simple equipment.

  1. Fill the plastic bottle with water and add a few drops of milk.
  2. In a darkened room, shine a torch through the side of the bottle.
  3. Look at the milky water. You will notice that it has a bluish tint.

Explaining the Science

The light from the torch is made up of many colours, just like the light from the Sun. The milk in the plastic bottle acts like the particles of air in the atmosphere. It has a bluish tint as it scatters some of the blue light. The milk has an orange tone when you look at the light from the opposite side. This is similar to sunrise and sunset when more of the blue light is scattered.

Practical: Creating a Rainbow

Resources: 

  • Piece of black card 

  • Sheet of white paper

  • Glass of water

  • Light source

  • Scissors

  • Sticky tape

Activity:

You can have a go at creating a rainbow using a glass of water.

  1. Cut a narrow slit in a piece of black card.
  2. Stick the card to the side of the glass, with the slit vertical, and stand on a sheet of white paper.
  3. Shine a light source through the slit and glass. You should see the light split and fall as colours onto the sheet of paper.

Practical: Rainbow Bubbles

Resources: Bubble mixture (water and washing up liquid)

  • A small, shallow, transparent container
  • Torch (flat-topped)

  • Straw

Activity:

Use bubbles to explore the different colours of light in a darkened room.

  1. Half-fill the dish/lid with bubble mixture.
  2. Carefully support the dish over a flat-topped torch.
  3. Blow a large bubble over the surface of the dish using a straw.
  4. Switch on the torch.
  5. Observe the swirling colours that are produced over the bubble. Note: Blowing harder produces numerous bubbles over the surface.

Explaining the Science

Soap films refract and reflect light from their inner and outer surfaces, which means the light combines in many ways to produce the complex, swirling patterns seen in a bubble.

Review Your Learning

Still image for this video
Six items are shown … can you spot the ones that refract light?

Now answer this question in your books:

  • Why can light only refract through these materials?

Find out about one of the many types of light we cannot see.

Still image for this video

Extra Science for the Super Keen

Consider how the refraction of light can be used to make lenses and magnifying glasses. Make a simple magnifying glass by filling a clear plastic bottle with water and rolling it over some written text.

Explore whether bottles of different sizes affect the level of magnification.

Extra Summer PE

Despite the coronavirus outbreak, this summer the West Indies cricket team are coming to the UK to play a series of test matches against England, so we thought you might enjoy brushing up on your cricket skills with this specially designed programme from the Chance to Shine organisation who work with the county cricket teams around the UK to encourage children to give cricket a try.  There are video lessons to help you to improve your catching, bowling and fielding, just follow the link below to access their programme.

Extra Comprehension for the Super Keen

The answer to this week's Spanish city is........Seville.
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