By the end of the Summer term the children in Reception should be able to confidently recall number bonds or pairs of numbers that make 10. If you feel this is a big step, start lower and work with your child to learn their number bonds to 5 to begin with.
Using 2 hands to be the ears, how many different ways can you show 5? 10? Show your child one example e.g. 2 fingers on one hand and 3 on the other; can they copy your 'ears'? Can they make 5 or 10 in a different way?
- Draw a hoop using chalk/place a bucket outside. Give the children 5/10 pebbles and ask them to throw them in the hoop/bucket. How many landed inside the hoop/bucket? How many landed outside the hoop/bucket? How many did we start with? Reinforce pairs of numbers that make 5/10. For e.g. 4 landed inside the bucket and 6 landed outside the bucket so 4 and 6 make 10.
Challenge Yourself/Key Questions:
- Can you record the number bonds you have made as a number sentence for e.g. 4 + 6 = 10, 3 + 2 = 5 etc.
- Using 2 buckets/plant pots etc explain that you have 5 or 10 pebbles hidden inside them. Ask your child to think about how many pebbles could be in each bucket. Could one bucket have 0 pebbles?
- Using 1 bucket count in a number of pebbles (5 or 10). Ask your child to close their eyes and take out an unseen amount for e.g. 4.Ask your child how may pebbles could be in my hand? How many could be in the bucket? Discuss possibilities.
**For number bonds to 5 you could have...
1 in your hand and 4 in the bucket
2 in your hand and 3 in the bucket
For number bonds to 10 you could have...
2 in your hand and 8 in the bucket
4 in your hand and 6 in the bucket