The children need to practise recognising the sounds they have been taught daily. They need to be able to spot them in words when reading and apply them in their writing, spelling the sounds correctly in words.
Phonics play is a useful website with lots of fun games which will help the children to develop good blending and segmenting skills. They are currently offering free access to all parents.
In writing we would expect children to spell phonetically. For example in the word cake we would expect to see 'caik'. Please practise spelling the tricky (set) words as we would expect to see the children spelling these with more accuracy in their writing.
Phoneme – a sound that a letter or group of letters makes
Grapheme – the way a sound is written or spelt
Diagraph – 2 letters that make 1 sound for e.g. ‘ai’ as in rain, ‘ee’ as in speed, ‘oa’ as in boat
Trigraph – 3 letters that make one sound for e.g. ‘igh’ as in light, ‘air’ as in chair, ‘ure’ as in sure
Blending - the ability to put the sounds you can hear in a word together in the order they appear
Segmenting - the ability to break words down into their sounds or syllables
CVC - Consonant, Vowel, Consonant. 'Cat' is a CVC word because it is made up of letters which follow the pattern of Consonant, Vowel, Consonant. In some CVC words the vowel is made up of 2 or 3 letters for e.g. 'p ai n' or 'l igh t'. Nevertheless it follows the same pattern.
CVCC - Consonant, Vowel, Consonant, Consonant for e.g. l i m p = limp, p ai n t = paint (the vowel in this case is made up of 2 letters).
CCVC - Consonant, Consonant, Vowel, Consonant for e.g. s t o p = stop, f l igh t = flight (the vowel in this case is made up of 3 letters).