In this Phase the children are taught the 19 most common single letter sounds. They are taught in the following order:
Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
It is vital that the children use the 'pure' sounds for each letter. On our Reception homepage there are videos which will help you to reinforce the correct way of pronouncing each sound. Alternatively there are videos on Twinkl (after following the link below, type in 'Phase 2 phoneme videos' into the search bar).
The children begin to move on from oral blending and segmenting to blending and segmenting with letters. To support the children’s learning and understanding we use sound buttons to model this process and, when they are ready to write, we encourage them to use sound buttons to help them decode words more independently. For example; b a t = bat. 1 dot is used to show 1 letter making 1 sound.
They also learn some high frequency or ‘tricky words’ like ‘the’ and ‘go.’
Example VC words
Example CVC words
HF (High Frequency) words
Towards the bottom of the homepage you will find a video for each set of sounds in Phase 2 to support with pronunciation.